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Jama Masjid Delhi

Jama Masjid, also known as Masjid-I Jahan-Numa, is the largest and the most famous mosque in India. Commissioned by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in 1650 A.D., the foundation stone was laid that year on October 19th and construction finished in 1656. 6877 meters long and 78,717 meters wide, it took 6000 workers to complete this magnificent marble and sandstone building. Three imposing gateways, on the north, south and east allow entrance to the mosque complex. Curving domes cover the roof of the mosque, which are tastefully decorated with purple and white marble in alternating stripes. Two minarets of 40 meters in height stand on either side of the domes, crowned with small red and white chhatris.

Inside, a passage with seven arches leads to the main prayer hall, which also holds seven arches, each of which hold a piece of inscribed white marble on top. The main mosque stands on a raised platform on a black and white chequered floor meant to simulate a Muslim prayer mat. Three flights of stairs from each of three gateways lead up to the mosque. The Jama Masjid can hold as many as 25,000 people at a time. Several relics can be found in a cupboard at the north gate, including a Koran written on deer skin.

The Jama Masjid can be found in Old Delhi on the Chawri Bazaar Road in Chandni Chowk.


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