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Humayuns Tomb

Humayun’s Tomb is a World Heritage Site and was built for the second Mughal Emperor Humayun, the son of Babur. Humayun was born on 7th March 1508 and ruled for roughly a decade before being betrayed by his brother Kamran Mirza. He took refuge in Iran and, after a lengthy battle, recaptured his empire with the help of the Persian Shah in 1555. Sadly, he was unable to enjoy his success for very long, as he passed away shortly after his victory, on 20th January 1556. His tomb was commissioned and funded by Bega Begum, his first wife and chief consort, who dedicated her life to building the monument. Construction began in 1565 under the Persian architect Mirak Mirza Ghiyas and ended in 1572. It bears the distinction of being the first garden tomb to be constructed in India. It was declared a World Heritage Site in 1993.

A stone structure square in design but shaped to look somewhat like an octagon, the tomb is made of red sandstone with inlays of black and white marble and stands at a height of 47 meters and width of 91 meters. It is constructed in the Indo-Islamic style of architecture, which combines the elements of both Indian and Islamic concepts. The white marble central dome is surrounded by small chhatris and minarets, while the walls are exquisitely carved in a variety of patterns dominated by star shapes. It is entered through two double storied gateways. Inside, it is decorated with yellow marble and lattice windows. The main chamber contains the tomb of Humayun himself, while a side chamber holds the remains of Bega Begum. Other monuments on the grounds are the Barber’s Tomb, the Tombs of Isa Khan, an Afsarwala and Bu Halima.

Humayun’s Tomb can be found at the crossing of the Mathura Road and Lodhi Road, opposite the Nizamuddin Dargah. It can be reached via public transport.

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