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India Gate

India Gate is located in the center of New Delhi and is the national monument of India. Built in 1921 by the British architect Sir Edwin Lutyens, with the foundation stone laid by Prince Arthur, the Duke of Connaught, it stands 42 meters high and is based on the design of the French ‘Arc-de-Triomphe’, or Arch of Triumph. Constructed out of red stone and granite, it stands on a base of red Bharatpur stone. Imperial suns are carved into the cornice, while both sides of the arch have the words INDIA engraved into them, followed by the dates 1914 on the left and 1919 on the right. A shallow bowl can be seen on the top and is meant to be used as a lamp of burning oil on anniversaries. The monument was placed in such a way that many important roads seemed to radiate outwards from it. An empty marble canopy which once held a statue of King George stands behind the Gate.

Post Independence, India Gate became a War Memorial. The names of over 90,000 Indian soldiers killed from the 1st World War onwards are engraved into the monument’s body. Underneath the archway is a black marble shrine which depicts a rifle standing on end holding up a soldier’s helmet. This is Indian Army’s ‘Amar Jawan Jyoti’, or the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier. A flame always burns here in memory of all the soldiers who laid their lives down in the country.

India Gate can be found on the Rajpath beside the National Museum.

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